EN Standards

EU DIRECTIVE 89/686/EEC

Directive on personal protective equipment determines and includes:
  • scope, commercialisation and free circulation
  • certification procedures, EC-type examination
  • CE marking and requirements associated with the marking
  • basic safety and health protection requirements
  • requirements concerning the product technical file
  • conditions to be met by notified bodies, i.e. entities authorised to carry out the EC-type examinations
  • template of declaration of conformity
Directive also introduces a division of the personal protective equipment into three categories:
  • Category I - Gloves of simple design - for minimal risk only.
  • Category II - Gloves of intermediate design - for intermediate risk, it is required to obtain the EC type certificate from a notified authority.
  • Category III - Gloves of complex design - for irreversible or mortal risk, for protection against the highest level of mechanical and thermal risk, tested and ascertained by the notified authority along with an independent quality system guaranteeing uniformity of production.

In compliance with the provisions of the Recommendation for Use Sheet no CNB/P/00/136, i.e. documents in which the European Commission publishes its recommendations for interpretation and application of Directive 89/686/EEC, on 1 January 2011 the notified bodies introduced the procedure of issuing the CE-type examination certificates for personal protective equipment with 5 years’ period of validity.

New PPE Regulation (EU) 2016/425


As of 21 April 2018, Directive 89/686/EEC will be repealed by the new Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment.

The new PPE Regulation is aligned to the New Legislative Framework policy. In addition, it slightly modifies the scope and the risk categorisation of products. It also clarifies the documentary obligations of economic operators.


EN 420 - Safety gloves

All safety gloves shall comply with the requirements of the European standard EN 420, setting forth general requirements and relevant research procedures concerning the design and construction of gloves and forearm protections, definition of size and comfort of use, dexterity, gloves performance and their inoffensiveness. It obliges the manufacturer to correctly mark the gloves and enclose information on the method of use, storage and cleaning.
Graphic mark signaling the necessity for the user to acquaint themselves with the information of the manufacturer enclosed to the gloves iko.jpg .
Each glove handed over to the user shall be marked in an indelible, legible and visible way. The marking shall contain the following information:
  • name, trademark or other data identifying the manufacturer or its authorised representative
  • name of the glove or its symbol allowing the user to connect the product to the manufacturer or its authorised representative
  • identification of size
  • CE marking
  • relevant pictograms with the levels of protection and reference to the EN standard
EN 388 - Gloves protecting against mechanical hazards

The standard sets forth the requirements, research methods, marking and information to be supplied with regard to gloves and forearm protections protecting against mechanical hazards such as abrasion, cutting, tearing and puncture. Such data shall be presented in the form of a pictogram including the number of the standard and data determining the level of protection against the hazards.

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EN 407 - Gloves protecting against thermal hazards

The standard sets forth thermal performance of safety gloves in protection against high temperatures and/or fire. Gloves protecting against hot thermal factors are gloves protecting the employee’s hands against heat and/or fire occurring at the work station in one or several forms, i.e. fire, contact heat, convection heat, radiation heat, fine splatters of molten metals, high volumes of molten metal. In accordance with the norm, the gloves shall comply with the general requirements and requirements concerning their resistance to abrasion and tearing.
For each of the above parameters, four protection levels were identified, to be determined for a given type of glove based on the results of laboratory tests. Depending on the expected scope of application of the gloves, they should be characterised with relevant protection levels with regard to different parameters. Here, it should be stressed that only such parameters are evaluated which correspond to threats related to the scope of use of the gloves assumed by the manufacturer. The table below presents the parameters and adopted corresponding protection levels in accordance with the EN 407 standard with regard to direct contact with hot objects.

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Gloves protecting against heat factors are marked with the pictogram presented above. Next to the mark, the number of the standard is given, i.e. EN 407, together with six digits of the code referring to the protection parameters.


EN 511 - Gloves protecting against low temperatures

This standard refers mainly to gloves that are designed to protect hands against convection and contact cold, to the temperature of -50°C. The information on protection against low temperatures is given in the form of a pictogram with a series of 3 levels of protection, regarding given protection properties. The abrasion and tearing resistance of all gloves must be at least at the level 1.

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EN 1149-1 - Antistatic gloves

The standard sets forth the requirements and the methodology of research on protective wear capable of discharging static electricity in order to prevent discharges that may initiate an ignition. The standard does not require placing any graphic mark in the instructions for use of the product, but only the results of tests and conditions in which the tests were carried out.

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Contact with food

Materials and products intended for contact with food shall comply with the requirements of the Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 October 2004 on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food. Regulation
(amending regulation) (EC) No 10/2011 of 14 January 2011. In each case, such products may not cause penetration of substances to the food in quantities that might endanger human health, generate an unacceptable change in the composition of the food products or a deterioration in its organoleptic characteristics. The materials and products that, at the moment of their introduction on the market, have not yet come into contact with food are accompanied by the symbol of
a glass and fork.

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In the scope of certification of products admitted for contact with food we cooperate with the Polisch National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene.

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